Architect Jacopo Vignola [Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola] was born on 1 October 1507, at Vignola, near Modena. Having worked in Bologna and Fontainebleau, under Francis I of France, the leading architect is found in Rome by midcentury, where Vignola is best known for projects executed for the wealthy Farnese family, including his villa built at Caprarola and the mother church of the Jesuit order, Il Gesù, supported by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Pope Julius III had been another patron of the architect, for whom he initially designed and worked in Villa Giulia. Vignola’s simple classicism had a lasting influence on Counter-Reformation architects, as did his treatise on the orders, Regola delli cinque ordini d’architettura, published in 1562. His written work also includes the treatise Due regole della prospettiva pratica, however published posthumously in 1583.
Reference: Richard J. Tuttle. “Vignola, Jacopo.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press.
Further reading: Canon of the Five Orders of Architecture
by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola
Villa Farnese, façade from arrival piazza, begun 1559. Caprarola, near Viterbo
Il Gesù, 1568-75, plan and interior, Rome