By Anne Leader
Architect Jacopo Barozzi da Vignola died on 7 July 1573 in Rome. The leading architect in Rome by the middle of the sixteenth century, Vignola is best known for projects executed for the wealthy Farnese family, including the villa built at Caprarola and the mother church of the Jesuit order, Il Gesù, a project supported by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Vignola’s simple classicism had a lasting influence on Counter-Reformation architects, as did his treatise on the orders, Regola delli cinque ordini d’architettura, published in in 1562.
Reference: Richard J. Tuttle. “Vignola, Jacopo.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press.
Further reading: Canon of the Five Orders of Architecture by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola
Villa Farnese, façade from arrival piazza, begun 1559. Caprarola, near Viterbo
Il Gesù, 1568-75, plan and interior, Rome