By Anne Leader
Architect Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola was born on 1 October 1507. The leading architect in Rome by midcentury, Vignola is best known for projects executed for the wealthy Farnese family, including his villa built at Caprarola and the mother church of the Jesuit order, Il Gesù, commissioned by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese. Vignola’s simple classicism had a lasting influence on Counter-Reformation architects, as did his treatise on the orders, Regola delli cinque ordini d’architettura, published in in 1562.
Further reading: Canon of the Five Orders of Architecture by Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola
Villa Farnese, façade from arrival piazza, begun 1559. Caprarola, near Viterbo
Il Gesù, 1568-75, plan and interior, Rome